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Windows 101: 5 Types of Windows and Their Pros & Cons



Our windows give us light, air and warmth, and we look out of them each and every day, but how often do you really look at them? To help guide you through this tutorial, the team at All-Weather Window & Doors will begin with the basic parts of the window so you know what we are referring to.

For example, on a basic, single hung window, the frame provides the structure for the window. The sash is the moving part, the piece you slide to open the window. The sill is the horizontal piece along the bottom of the frame. The vertical sides of the frame are the jambs. The head is the top horizontal piece on the frame.

There are, of course, an infinite number of variations on parts, hardware, glass, decorative grills, etc. A window professional will be able to explain and advise you on these important details.


Common Types of Windows

  • Double hung windows have upper and lower sashes so you can open the top and the bottom sash. These often tilt out, making them easy to clean.
  • A single hung window looks similar to a double hung, but only the lower sash opens.
  • Sliding windows have one or more panels that move horizontally along upper and lower tracks. This allows you to open up to half the window. (Sliding windows are like miniature sliding doors.)
  • Casement windows are hinged on the side and crank open, allowing excellent ventilation.
  • Accent windows are available in a rectangular design or other shapes. They add interest, but are usually fixed in place and don’t open.


The Most Common Window Problems

Like many things, most of us don’t really pay attention to our windows until there is a problem, such as these common window problems encountered by many homeowners:

  • You can’t open or close a window. If your windows are not stuck due to rusty hardware or having been painted shut, you may have a warped window frame. If that is the case, you should call a professional to avoid breaking the glass and possibly hurting yourself.
  • Another common problem is leaky or drafty windows. This is often caused by old windows that don’t fit properly. You may wish to consider energy-efficient windows with better insulation.
  • Condensation on your windows may signal a breakdown of the seals on your double or triple pane windows. Moisture problems can lead to mold issues, so you should seek advice as soon as possible.

If you are considering replacing windows, a window professional can help you decide what is right for your home and your budget.

The experienced and certified professionals at All-Weather have the skills, tools, and equipment to get the job done right. We know exactly what materials to use and how to achieve a precise fit. We also assess factors such as window location, roofing, and rain gutters that might affect window performance.


For more information on how we can address all of your window needs, contact us today. And for more expert advice, check out our blog.


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